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Thu, 24 July 2014.
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DEVELOPMENT OF UNIVERSAL CANCER DRUGS AND VACCINES

Abstract

This invention generally relates to a design and method for developing novel anti-tumor/cancer drugs, vaccines and therapies, using microRNA (miRNA) and its shRNA homologues/derivatives. More particularly, the present invention relates to the use of a nucleic acid composition capable of expressing mir-302-like gene silencing effectors upon delivery into human cells and then silencing mir-302-targeted cell cycle regulators and oncogenes, resulting in an inhibitory effect on tumor/cancer cell growth and metastasis. Mir-302 is the most predominant miRNA found in human embryonic stem (hES) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, yet its function is unclear. The present invention establishes that in humans mir-302 concurrently suppressed both cyclin-E-CDK2 and cyclin-D-CDK4/6 pathways and eventually blocked over 70% of the G1-S transition. Simultaneously, mir-302 also silences BMI-1, a cancer stem cell marker, and subsequently promotes the tumor suppressor functions of p16Ink4a and p14/p19Arf in inhibiting CDK4/6-mediated cell proliferation. Therefore, the present invention for the first time reveals the tumor suppressor function of mir-302 in humans. This novel finding advances the design and method for developing new cancer drugs, vaccines and therapies directed against multiple kinds of human tumors and cancers, in particular including, but not limited, malignant skin, prostate, breast and liver cancers as well as various tumors.

Filed on: 2010-06-02; Application Number: 12792413

Applicant(s)

Shi Lung Lin
David Ts Wu

Agent

BIRCH STEWART KOLASCH BIRCH